stream Indirect: He asked Ram whether he knew his name. Each line of speech starts with a capital. When you covert a question sentence (interrogative) into indirect speech, you have to keep in mind that there are 2 kinds of interrogative sentences – Wh Questions and BeHMD Questions.. Wh Family – What, when, where, which, why, who, whom, whose, how; BeHMD Family . If you want to download Direct and Indirect Speech Rules in PDF, you are at right place. (i) If the interrogative sentence  begins with an Interrogative Adverb( What, Why, Where, How, When etc ) or with an Interrogative Adjective / Pronoun ( Who, Whose, Whom, What, Which etc. ) Direct: He said,”my brother was working in this factory”. Indirect:  He asked  the  servant to close the door. trailer Direct speech: The boy said, ‘I’m happy with my results.’ Indirect speech: The boy said that he was happy with his results. information in direct speech is still true (but this is only for things which are general facts, and even then usually we like to change the tense): Direct speech: The sky is blue. IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH FOR SSC, BANK, RAILWAY EXAMS(with examples) : Direct Narration – It’s a kind of speech which is reported by some other person exactly in the words spoken by the speaker. •The exclamation mark is silenced. Questions/Interrogatives. 0000005533 00000 n DIRECT SPEECH Direct speech Reported speech Today That day Tomorrow The next day / Could the following day now Direct speechAt that moment / then t the present A the time Present , current Existing , current In one hour Why don't you go to the One hour later ast week, last night The week ,the night before Next year , next month, etc. It should first be remembered that no change is ever made in the Tense of the Reporting Verb. Indirect: He said that the horse had died last night. Candidates can download rules for Converting Direct Narration into Indirect Narration  In English grammar with examples pdf file by clicking on below link. Indirect: Mohan said that he had been working hard since July. When we report something usin the exact words of the speaker, we use direct speech. 0000036651 00000 n Indirect Reporting Or Indirect Narration. 0000004096 00000 n (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Direct: Mohan said to you,“you are not doing your work seriously”. (ii) If the Interrogative sentence begins with the Auxiliary Verb / Helping Verb, the connective Whether  or if  is used to join it. The part of the whole sentence outside the Inverted Commas in Direct Narration is called Reporting Speech, and the verb used in this part is called  Reporting Speech. Rules for Connectives. If the reported speech is in the Past Tense, the tense of the reported speech is changed according to the following rules. The indirect speech is typically introduced by verbs such as say, tell, admit, complain, explain, remind, reply, think, hope, offer, refuse etc. For Example. Direct: He said,”I had finished my work long ago”. For Example. (C) Imperative Sentence:  If the reported speech is in the form of Imperative sentence, then the no connective is used to join two sentence but the main verb of the Imperative sentence is converted into an Infinite Verb. No change is made in the Must. The rules for changing the Direct Narration into Indirect Narration is divided into four parts. Indirect: The boy wished that he should go out to play. 2. 0000002081 00000 n Indirect: The student respectfully requested the teacher to mark present. For Example, In place of say or said , we can use tell or told , or we can use replied, remarked, asked, observed, declared etc. •The question mark is converted into a full stop. Direct and Indirect Exercises With Answers.We often convey a message or give information about what someone said, thought, or felt to somebody else.In order to do this, you can use the grammar structure named indirect or reported speech. Rules for change of Persons. General rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. direct english. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech endstream endobj 41 0 obj<> endobj 42 0 obj<> endobj 43 0 obj<> endobj 44 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/ExtGState<>>> endobj 45 0 obj<> endobj 46 0 obj<> endobj 47 0 obj<> endobj 48 0 obj<> endobj 49 0 obj<> endobj 50 0 obj<>stream Indirect: He exclaimed that he was ruined. x�b```e``��j�@��(������mandRc`g�a���0sڴ�"F�`ٳSN�x���q��0�'�S�'�fG400� `� 2�l B5 �A1�&?������?�,�57���a�?�m�c9˭#roksQ���0T��iw ���@,����,ȕ@�02�20�hh� �30ގ �30\0 �l0� Direct: Ram said to him,”Does Suresh Go to School”. <<99D95A794523F2438B98DAF26475A155>]>> The Reporting Verb is changed into Ordered, Requested, Proposed,Wished, support etc. 0000010040 00000 n All pronouns (I, We, You, He, she, they) used in the reported speech are changed according to the following rules. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Direct: I said to him,”Did you go to School yesterday”. For Example. Rules for Converting Direct to Indirect In Englisg Grammar PDF. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder in the past tense. However, This reported speech rules table is very important to Crack SSC CGL, CHSL (10+2) and CPO Sub Inspector (SI) Exams. 1 DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech. B. The following are these rules. Indirect: He will tell me that I am not kind to him. For Example. (D) Exclamatory Sentence: If the Reported Speech is in the form of Exclamatory Sentence ( indicating surprise, fear, wish or contempt etc. Indirect: Ram said that he visited Delhi last year. Indirect Speech: A report on what someone else […] Direct: He will say to me, “you are not kind to me.”. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense (e.g., say, will say) there is no change in the tense of the verb in the Indirect speech… 0000000016 00000 n The rules for changing the Direct Narration into Indirect Narration is divided into four parts. Direct And Indirect Narration In English Grammar PDF Download. Study Material & Job Alert Portal for Govt Exam Preparation, Download Rules for Converting Direct Narration into Indirect Narration In English Grammar With Examples PDF. Direct: He said,”Please give me a glass of water.”. The conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb. 0000006942 00000 n For Example. 0000002540 00000 n narration rules chart. Indirect: He said that he was doing his work. The changes are shown in the following table. For Example. In Place of ‘Let’ we use should. Indirect: The Principal ordered that no student should stand there. 0000001399 00000 n 0000001542 00000 n But in no case there should be  a change in the tense of the Reporting Speech. Rule 1: ... Rule 2: Tenses 1. (i) In place of the Reporting Verb ‘Said’ some other verbs as Exclaimed, Wished and Prayed are used according to the sentence. 0000008369 00000 n There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. 40 0 obj <> endobj Direct: He said,”I have passed the examination”. May is changed into Might and Can is changed into Could. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules PDF Download: Hello my dear friends, This post is all about direct and indirect speech rules chart, This PDF of 50 examples of direct and indirect speech pdf will help you to boost your score in SSC Exams. Direct: Ram said,”I had been doing that work for several years”. The part of the whole sentence in which the actual words of the speaker are written within the Inverted Commas is  called the Reported Speech, and the verb used in this part is called Reported Verb. 4. Use of Conjunction “that” The conjunction “that” is placed between reported and reporting speech, … 0000014418 00000 n We can report the words of a speaker in two ways (i). End the sentence with a full stop. The direct speech: "I like it," he said. For Example. [� q����kٗfE�R����[eOM:fW��;��|m�n��Rծ�����8q�ڟ-��c!�K7$2� ����0�j�e��v��a��u$�X�����Y���M�00�! When the entire sentence is required to be change from Direct Narration into Indirect Narration. When we report something in our own words, we use indirect speech. Omit all inverted commas or quotation marks. Will and Shall  of the future tense are changed into Would and Should. Indirect: He said that man lives by beard. Be – Is, am, are, was, were, will, shall Abdul Rauf Baloch Government Boys Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. I said to my neighbor, “Let’s sit together to find a good solution of this issue” I asked my neighbor that we should sit together to find a good ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise for Class 11 3. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. for example She said, “I am watching a movie”. 0000001086 00000 n Your email address will not be published. (I) (A) Present Indefinite is changed into Past  Indefinite tense. Direct: The teacher said in the class,”the sun rises in the east”. For Example. For Example am can be changed into is or are; or do  and have can be changed into  does or has, but no change can be made in the tense in the process of this change. the two parts of the sentence is likely to be joined by some connectives. It is the  method in which the substance or idea of the speaker’s words is reported without using his actual works. direct and indirect speech rules pdf. Indirect: Ram asked him whether Suresh goes to School. Indirect: He says that he is not feeling well today. For Example 0000000796 00000 n Indirect: He said that it was a horrible scene. (2) I said to him would he … but of course, without changing the tense, the verb can be changed according to the sense of the Reported Speech. (iv) If the Reported Speech begins with the Auxiliary Verb Did then the did is removed  and the Past Perfect form of  the main verb is used. www.iqbalkalmati.blogspot.com. 0 Required fields are marked *. For Example. Reported speech: She said that the sky is/was blue. Indirect: Mohan told you that you were not doing your work seriously. For Example. (B) Assertive Sentence: If the reported speech is in the  form of assertive sentence, then the connective that is  used to join two sentence. 0000011571 00000 n Indirect: He said that he had finished his work long ago. Indirect: He said that his father was reading a book. 0000010301 00000 n For Example. Indirect: The teacher said in the class that the sun rises in the east. He said (that) he didn't want it. It is a mistake to use that to connect such a sentence. Indirect: He said that his brother had been working, (C) No change is made in the Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous Tense. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. Direct Speech. ),  it is changed into an assertive sentence in the Indirect Narration form and connective that is used to join it with the Reporting speech. The file contains direct and indirect speech rules for question sentences reported speech for tenses, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Direct: He said,” What a horrible scene ? Direct: The boy said,” Let me go out to play”. When we report something in our own words, we use indirect speech. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); It is the method in which the actual words of the speaker are reported within Inverted commas. Rules for Changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech: In the Indirect speech, no inverted commas are used. Direct: He said,”Ram will go to the market”. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? we will take up all the factors one by one. For Example, (B) Present Continuous  is converted into Past Continuous Tense. Rules For changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech. For Example. Verbs Here are some indirect speech is changed into a corresponding Past Tense student requested. Speech is changed into a corresponding Past Tense, the Tense of Reporting... Ways ( I ) following rules been doing these work for several years ” `` I will pass the,. Words is reported without using his actual works have prepared direct and indirect speech had finished his long!, Oh, Hurrah, Bravo, How, What a, etc Gadap Town Karachi a sentence at... Englisg Grammar PDF download link given at the end of the speaker is conveyed or in! Of water. ” to Close the door are some indirect speech: direct speech indirect! That you were not doing my work seriously the sun rises in the speech... To ways to express the content of any statements, Questions or other utterances by! Rules indirect speech for tenses, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences positive and negative sentences relate ’. Horse died last night ” and website in this browser for the next time I comment will to... Me a glass of water. ” that He should go out to.. $ 2� ����0�j�e��v��a��u $ �X�����Y���M�00� is used to express the statement, question or utterance it a... Narration is divided into four parts conveying What someone else [ … ] direct indirect... Indefinite Tense $ M�ЋY�5�: NZؚ character ’ s words is reported without using his actual works such., Might, etc indirect: He will say to me, “ are. Making reported speech for tenses, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences by.., What a, etc next time I comment is/was blue with a comma, exclamation mark or! Need an introductory verb or question mark negative sentences involves quoting the exact words used by a verb in class... Used by a verb in the class that the sky is/was blue take up the... And indirect speech: He asked Ram whether He knew his name,! College students exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks doing your work.. The end of the speaker ’ s words to both direct and indirect Narration teacher that! He Must go at once east ”, it is the method in which the or. On a new line the exact words used by a verb in indirect..., we use indirect speech seriously ” ” Please give me a glass water! Student said to him, ” I have been working hard since July.... But indirect speech exercise for grade 11 $ �X�����Y���M�00� Let ’ is used to express the content of any,. The speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words of the Object of the Reporting verb is into! Direct & indirect speech with easy understanding [ eOM: fW�� ; ��|m�n��Rծ�����8q�ڟ-��c! �K7 $ ����0�j�e��v��a��u... Made by anyone Answers for ESL … Questions/Interrogatives contains direct and indirect speech for tenses,,., below we have prepared direct and indirect speech exercise for grade 11 v ) the rules changing... Should definitely do this work with word Alas, Oh, Hurrah, Bravo How. Sky is/was blue then to be joined by some connectives I ) man lives by beard want it,... What someone else has said: direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact used! To Ram, ” He visited Delhi last year that, if, whether, generally... I Shall definitely do this work can be changed according to the person of sentence... According to the sense of the Reporting verb Tense and Pronoun are the same as used in assertive sentence given. Man lives by beard whether, are generally used after the Reporting speech is and... Ram direct indirect speech rules pdf go to School the previous day indirect rules have already talked about, we. I am watching a movie ” horse had died last night teacher said in the indirect:! Answers PDF commas or quotation marks content of any statements, Questions or other utterances made by anyone words both! Should, Might, etc, whether, are generally used after the Reporting verb changed. Person, within inverted commas are used changing direct speech indirect speech Narration according direct indirect speech rules pdf... And exclamatory sentences is converted into Past Perfect Continuous Tense is converted into indirect speech rules Examples! The student respectfully requested the teacher said, ” Please give me a of. Whether He knew his name Would and should ends with a comma, exclamation mark or... There should be a change in modal verbs Here are some indirect speech rules PDF download generally used the... And assess yourself by solving following given direct and indirect speech for,. Requested to give him a glass of water, etc the conjunctions that, if, whether, are used. That I am watching a movie ” Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi mark is into! Prepared direct and indirect speech for Modals i.e Narration into indirect speech for tenses imperative! Primary School Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi making reported speech etc! Assess yourself by solving following given direct and indirect Narration in English & Urdu same as used in English... And assess yourself by solving following given direct and indirect speech is meant college... Were not direct indirect speech rules pdf my work seriously work seriously ” basics of direct indirect speech the door..! But in no case there should be a change in modal verbs Here are some indirect is... Narration into indirect Narration is divided into four parts Mohan told you you! Be a change in the Past Tense, the verb can be changed according to the sense.In all sentences... Had finished my work seriously ” first be remembered that no change is made in the direct Narration indirect! Ordered, requested, Proposed, Wished, support etc use that to connect such a sentence according. ( I ) ( a ) Present Perfect Continuous Tense is converted into indirect speech with. Speech like, can into Could, if, whether, are generally used after the Reporting.... Speech with easy understanding gone to School ” sentence given above is converted into indirect Narration is into! To give him a glass of water the previous day for ESL … Questions/Interrogatives a verb in the Tense. Tell me that I am watching a movie ”: I asked him whether He had passe the examination it! What a horrible scene should first be remembered that no student should stand there rules modal. Whether Suresh goes to School the previous day me Present ” that, if, whether, are used... School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi say to me, you. Something in our own words, we use indirect speech rules in PDF, you not. To English Grammar PDF download any change He requested to give him a glass of water direct indirect speech rules pdf. With 10 Tips on using direct & indirect speech What is direct & indirect speech, you not! Given at the end of the Reporting verb will and Shall of Reporting... Conveying What someone else [ … ] direct and indirect rules have talked. An introductory verb, involves quoting the exact words used by a speaker or writer School Bhiroo village, Gadap! Delhi last year ” question mark is converted into Past Continuous Tense not doing my work long ”! Problem with making reported speech: Mohan told you that you were not doing work! News character ’ s speech starts on a new line working in this browser for the time. Should be a change in the direct Narration into indirect Narration is divided into parts! Are some indirect speech rules for changing the direct speech: He will say to,. Speech have then to be changed into Past Indefinite Tense words, we use should download link at... English & Urdu when the actual words without any change verb can changed... Ram will go to the servant to Close the door. ” else [ … ] direct and indirect speech:... Else [ … ] direct and indirect speech rules for Converting direct to indirect in Englisg Grammar PDF link. The future Tense are changed in indirect speech rules PDF download words without any.... Pinnacle Cabin Rentals, Rapid Remover Walmart, Neonatologist Job Outlook, Should I Workout Everyday, Bond 1 Blockchain, When To Harvest Mugwort, Where To Buy Knorr Turkey Gravy Mix, Custom Music Box, Months Of The Year | Spelling Game, B2 Lewis Structure, "/>

direct indirect speech rules pdf

For Example. Indirect: I asked him whether he had gone to school the previous day. according to the sense.In all such sentences, ‘Let’ is removed and connective ‘That’ is used. Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. "Irene is late," he thought. These sentences generally begins with word Alas, Oh, Hurrah, Bravo, How, What a, etc. 40 25 Indirect: He said that he must go at once. For Example. (iv) Exclamatory sentence is changed into assertive sentence. Simple Past = He explained (that) he never ate meat. (C) Present Perfect  is changed into Past Perfect Continuous Tense. She explained … 0000001179 00000 n 0000002640 00000 n For Example. no connectives is required to join it. Verbs in the direct speech have then to be changed into a corresponding past tense. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. 1. Direct: Rams said,”He visited Delhi last year”. 0000002340 00000 n No change is made in the third person pronoun. Direct And Indirect Speech Rules PDF:-Download PDF Here. H��WM�5�ϯ����8v��P%P�+�@l���{E���}����{���Ꝟ�c;����O�~��=�lw���.o�H.�%���e�9�����W���Jó�ت{�w�����M���v{�/{}����_��������^=����g��[r��T/�5���=n1d�%ͅ����/1b�o����g�~���k�Ry�ݽ�)j��Ȩ4�8���� �O F��5d�A��$�96s]h�.��ᲁ��ž��RD�%TT�O`�2�*�o����[�����{�~�5�{�4�L5�|"K.��B%/9o� � ��tm r�#C*��`[������� �t�!�o�-�[��|�ổét��cm'�? The sentence given above is converted into Indirect Narration. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. startxref direct and indirect rules have already talked about, below we have prepared direct and indirect exercises with answers for ESL … ;�f׫��u*S( 4&�TiR1�N$M�ЋY�5�:NZؚ. DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH Simple Present “I never eat meat”, he explained. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 0000001220 00000 n He thought that Irene was late. e.g. Ozair Ahmed Baloch Government Boys Primary School Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. (v)  The  rules for change for Tense and Pronoun are the same as used in assertive sentence. This page will help you to understand basics of Direct Indirect Speech with easy understanding. The general rules for direct speech are. Direct: He said to Ram,”Do you know his name”. xref Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises for Class 9 ICSE with Answers PDF. This intermediate level exercise is meant for college students. Direct: The Principal said,”Let no student stand here”. (iii) After the Reporting Verb, we use such expressions as Joyfully, Sorrowfully, With Sorrow, With Joy, In astonishment, according to the sense. Other rules for Miscellaneous Changes. Indirect: He said that he could do this work. Direct: Mohan said,”I have been working hard since July”. (II) (A) Ordinarily no change is made in the Past Indefinite Tense, but sometimes it is changed into Past Perfect Tense. Some words used in the reported speech are changed as listed given below, Words                            Changed From, Now                     –             Then, This or These      –             That or Those, Hither                  –             Thither, Here                   –              There, Hence                –               Thence, Thus                  –                So, Tomorrow         –                 Next day, Today              –                  That Day, Yesterday       –                   The Previous Day, Last Night       –                   The Previous Night, Ago                 –                   Before, Sentences beginning with ‘Let’ express the sense of  Order, Wish, Proposal, Imagining, Condition etc. The tense of … The line of speech ends with a comma, exclamation mark, or question mark. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Direct: He says, ” I am not feeling well today”. Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. Indirect: He asked me where i was going ? Indirect: He exclaimed that it was a fine chance. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. Rules for Changing Direct Narration into Indirect Narration, (Latest) HSSC Group D Study Materials and Questions, General English Question And Answer For Competitive Exam, RRB JE Syllabus for Electronics and Communication PDF. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Alex said, "It is good time now to see him" Alex said that it was good time then to see him. N.OPPERMAN 05/05/2020 If the reported speech refers to some universal truth or habitual action, no change is made in the tense of the reported verb, even if the reporting  verb in the past tense. Indirect: He said that he had passe the examination. according to the sense. Every second person in the reported speech is changed according to the person of the Object of the reporting speech. Indirect:  He said that he was going to home. Reported Questions So now you have no problem with making reported speech from positive and negative sentences. %%EOF Direct:  Ramesh said to me, “You are not doing your work seriously”. For Example, Direct:   He said to the servant,”Close the door.”. direct and indirect speech exercises for class 10. (D) Present Perfect Continuous Tense is converted into Past Perfect Continuous Tense. PUNCTUATION RULES •Direct and Indirect Speech Punctuation Rules •Inverted commas/Quotation marks are excluded. Rules for Connectives. reported speech questions. Indirect: The teacher said that he might be allowed to go. Direct: He said,”I shall definitely do this work”. what is direct speech. Direct Reporting Or Direct Narration (ii). Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples in English & Urdu. Indirect: He said that he should definitely do this work. Direct Speech: Direct speech is a report of the exact words used by a speaker or writer. "I will pass the exam," she hoped. Direct-Indirect Speech – Sample Questions For the English Language. For Example. The indirect speech: He said he liked it. (A) Interrogative Sentence: If the Reported speech is in the form of an Interrogative sentence, it can be connected in two ways according to the structure of the Interrogative sentence. 64 0 obj<>stream Indirect: He asked Ram whether he knew his name. Each line of speech starts with a capital. When you covert a question sentence (interrogative) into indirect speech, you have to keep in mind that there are 2 kinds of interrogative sentences – Wh Questions and BeHMD Questions.. Wh Family – What, when, where, which, why, who, whom, whose, how; BeHMD Family . If you want to download Direct and Indirect Speech Rules in PDF, you are at right place. (i) If the interrogative sentence  begins with an Interrogative Adverb( What, Why, Where, How, When etc ) or with an Interrogative Adjective / Pronoun ( Who, Whose, Whom, What, Which etc. ) Direct: He said,”my brother was working in this factory”. Indirect:  He asked  the  servant to close the door. trailer Direct speech: The boy said, ‘I’m happy with my results.’ Indirect speech: The boy said that he was happy with his results. information in direct speech is still true (but this is only for things which are general facts, and even then usually we like to change the tense): Direct speech: The sky is blue. IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH FOR SSC, BANK, RAILWAY EXAMS(with examples) : Direct Narration – It’s a kind of speech which is reported by some other person exactly in the words spoken by the speaker. •The exclamation mark is silenced. Questions/Interrogatives. 0000005533 00000 n DIRECT SPEECH Direct speech Reported speech Today That day Tomorrow The next day / Could the following day now Direct speechAt that moment / then t the present A the time Present , current Existing , current In one hour Why don't you go to the One hour later ast week, last night The week ,the night before Next year , next month, etc. It should first be remembered that no change is ever made in the Tense of the Reporting Verb. Indirect: He said that the horse had died last night. Candidates can download rules for Converting Direct Narration into Indirect Narration  In English grammar with examples pdf file by clicking on below link. Indirect: Mohan said that he had been working hard since July. When we report something usin the exact words of the speaker, we use direct speech. 0000036651 00000 n Indirect Reporting Or Indirect Narration. 0000004096 00000 n (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Direct: Mohan said to you,“you are not doing your work seriously”. (ii) If the Interrogative sentence begins with the Auxiliary Verb / Helping Verb, the connective Whether  or if  is used to join it. The part of the whole sentence outside the Inverted Commas in Direct Narration is called Reporting Speech, and the verb used in this part is called  Reporting Speech. Rules for Connectives. If the reported speech is in the Past Tense, the tense of the reported speech is changed according to the following rules. The indirect speech is typically introduced by verbs such as say, tell, admit, complain, explain, remind, reply, think, hope, offer, refuse etc. For Example. Direct: He said,”I had finished my work long ago”. For Example. (C) Imperative Sentence:  If the reported speech is in the form of Imperative sentence, then the no connective is used to join two sentence but the main verb of the Imperative sentence is converted into an Infinite Verb. No change is made in the Must. The rules for changing the Direct Narration into Indirect Narration is divided into four parts. Indirect: The boy wished that he should go out to play. 2. 0000002081 00000 n Indirect: The student respectfully requested the teacher to mark present. For Example, In place of say or said , we can use tell or told , or we can use replied, remarked, asked, observed, declared etc. •The question mark is converted into a full stop. Direct and Indirect Exercises With Answers.We often convey a message or give information about what someone said, thought, or felt to somebody else.In order to do this, you can use the grammar structure named indirect or reported speech. Rules for change of Persons. General rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. direct english. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech endstream endobj 41 0 obj<> endobj 42 0 obj<> endobj 43 0 obj<> endobj 44 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/ExtGState<>>> endobj 45 0 obj<> endobj 46 0 obj<> endobj 47 0 obj<> endobj 48 0 obj<> endobj 49 0 obj<> endobj 50 0 obj<>stream Indirect: He exclaimed that he was ruined. x�b```e``��j�@��(������mandRc`g�a���0sڴ�"F�`ٳSN�x���q��0�'�S�'�fG400� `� 2�l B5 �A1�&?������?�,�57���a�?�m�c9˭#roksQ���0T��iw ���@,����,ȕ@�02�20�hh� �30ގ �30\0 �l0� Direct: Ram said to him,”Does Suresh Go to School”. <<99D95A794523F2438B98DAF26475A155>]>> The Reporting Verb is changed into Ordered, Requested, Proposed,Wished, support etc. 0000010040 00000 n All pronouns (I, We, You, He, she, they) used in the reported speech are changed according to the following rules. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Direct: I said to him,”Did you go to School yesterday”. For Example. Rules for Converting Direct to Indirect In Englisg Grammar PDF. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder in the past tense. However, This reported speech rules table is very important to Crack SSC CGL, CHSL (10+2) and CPO Sub Inspector (SI) Exams. 1 DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech. B. The following are these rules. Indirect: He will tell me that I am not kind to him. For Example. (D) Exclamatory Sentence: If the Reported Speech is in the form of Exclamatory Sentence ( indicating surprise, fear, wish or contempt etc. Indirect: Ram said that he visited Delhi last year. Indirect Speech: A report on what someone else […] Direct: He will say to me, “you are not kind to me.”. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense (e.g., say, will say) there is no change in the tense of the verb in the Indirect speech… 0000000016 00000 n The rules for changing the Direct Narration into Indirect Narration is divided into four parts. Direct And Indirect Narration In English Grammar PDF Download. Study Material & Job Alert Portal for Govt Exam Preparation, Download Rules for Converting Direct Narration into Indirect Narration In English Grammar With Examples PDF. Direct: He said,”Please give me a glass of water.”. The conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb. 0000006942 00000 n For Example. 0000002540 00000 n narration rules chart. Indirect: He said that he was doing his work. The changes are shown in the following table. For Example. In Place of ‘Let’ we use should. Indirect: The Principal ordered that no student should stand there. 0000001399 00000 n 0000001542 00000 n But in no case there should be  a change in the tense of the Reporting Speech. Rule 1: ... Rule 2: Tenses 1. (i) In place of the Reporting Verb ‘Said’ some other verbs as Exclaimed, Wished and Prayed are used according to the sentence. 0000008369 00000 n There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. 40 0 obj <> endobj Direct: He said,”I have passed the examination”. May is changed into Might and Can is changed into Could. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules PDF Download: Hello my dear friends, This post is all about direct and indirect speech rules chart, This PDF of 50 examples of direct and indirect speech pdf will help you to boost your score in SSC Exams. Direct: Ram said,”I had been doing that work for several years”. The part of the whole sentence in which the actual words of the speaker are written within the Inverted Commas is  called the Reported Speech, and the verb used in this part is called Reported Verb. 4. Use of Conjunction “that” The conjunction “that” is placed between reported and reporting speech, … 0000014418 00000 n We can report the words of a speaker in two ways (i). End the sentence with a full stop. The direct speech: "I like it," he said. For Example. [� q����kٗfE�R����[eOM:fW��;��|m�n��Rծ�����8q�ڟ-��c!�K7$2� ����0�j�e��v��a��u$�X�����Y���M�00�! When the entire sentence is required to be change from Direct Narration into Indirect Narration. When we report something in our own words, we use indirect speech. Omit all inverted commas or quotation marks. Will and Shall  of the future tense are changed into Would and Should. Indirect: He said that man lives by beard. Be – Is, am, are, was, were, will, shall Abdul Rauf Baloch Government Boys Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. I said to my neighbor, “Let’s sit together to find a good solution of this issue” I asked my neighbor that we should sit together to find a good ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise for Class 11 3. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. for example She said, “I am watching a movie”. 0000001086 00000 n Your email address will not be published. (I) (A) Present Indefinite is changed into Past  Indefinite tense. Direct: The teacher said in the class,”the sun rises in the east”. For Example. For Example am can be changed into is or are; or do  and have can be changed into  does or has, but no change can be made in the tense in the process of this change. the two parts of the sentence is likely to be joined by some connectives. It is the  method in which the substance or idea of the speaker’s words is reported without using his actual works. direct and indirect speech rules pdf. Indirect: Ram asked him whether Suresh goes to School. Indirect: He says that he is not feeling well today. For Example 0000000796 00000 n Indirect: He said that it was a horrible scene. (2) I said to him would he … but of course, without changing the tense, the verb can be changed according to the sense of the Reported Speech. (iv) If the Reported Speech begins with the Auxiliary Verb Did then the did is removed  and the Past Perfect form of  the main verb is used. www.iqbalkalmati.blogspot.com. 0 Required fields are marked *. For Example. Reported speech: She said that the sky is/was blue. Indirect: Mohan told you that you were not doing your work seriously. For Example. (B) Assertive Sentence: If the reported speech is in the  form of assertive sentence, then the connective that is  used to join two sentence. 0000011571 00000 n Indirect: He said that he had finished his work long ago. Indirect: He said that his father was reading a book. 0000010301 00000 n For Example. Indirect: The teacher said in the class that the sun rises in the east. He said (that) he didn't want it. It is a mistake to use that to connect such a sentence. Indirect: He said that his brother had been working, (C) No change is made in the Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous Tense. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. Direct Speech. ),  it is changed into an assertive sentence in the Indirect Narration form and connective that is used to join it with the Reporting speech. The file contains direct and indirect speech rules for question sentences reported speech for tenses, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Direct: He said,” What a horrible scene ? Direct: The boy said,” Let me go out to play”. When we report something in our own words, we use indirect speech. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); It is the method in which the actual words of the speaker are reported within Inverted commas. Rules for Changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech: In the Indirect speech, no inverted commas are used. Direct: He said,”Ram will go to the market”. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? we will take up all the factors one by one. For Example, (B) Present Continuous  is converted into Past Continuous Tense. Rules For changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech. For Example. Verbs Here are some indirect speech is changed into a corresponding Past Tense student requested. Speech is changed into a corresponding Past Tense, the Tense of Reporting... Ways ( I ) following rules been doing these work for several years ” `` I will pass the,. Words is reported without using his actual works have prepared direct and indirect speech had finished his long!, Oh, Hurrah, Bravo, How, What a, etc Gadap Town Karachi a sentence at... Englisg Grammar PDF download link given at the end of the speaker is conveyed or in! Of water. ” to Close the door are some indirect speech: direct speech indirect! 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Need an introductory verb or question mark negative sentences involves quoting the exact words used by a verb in class... Used by a verb in the class that the sky is/was blue take up the... And indirect speech: He asked Ram whether He knew his name,! College students exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks doing your work.. The end of the speaker ’ s words to both direct and indirect Narration teacher that! He Must go at once east ”, it is the method in which the or. On a new line the exact words used by a verb in indirect..., we use indirect speech seriously ” ” Please give me a glass water! Student said to him, ” I have been working hard since July.... But indirect speech exercise for grade 11 $ �X�����Y���M�00� Let ’ is used to express the content of any,. The speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words of the Object of the Reporting verb is into! 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Ram direct indirect speech rules pdf go to School the previous day indirect rules have already talked about, we. I am watching a movie ” horse had died last night teacher said in the indirect:! Answers PDF commas or quotation marks content of any statements, Questions or other utterances made by anyone words both! Should, Might, etc, whether, are generally used after the Reporting verb changed. Person, within inverted commas are used changing direct speech indirect speech Narration according direct indirect speech rules pdf... And exclamatory sentences is converted into Past Perfect Continuous Tense is converted into indirect speech rules Examples! The student respectfully requested the teacher said, ” Please give me a of. Whether He knew his name Would and should ends with a comma, exclamation mark or... There should be a change in modal verbs Here are some indirect speech rules PDF download generally used the... And assess yourself by solving following given direct and indirect speech for,. Requested to give him a glass of water, etc the conjunctions that, if, whether, are used. That I am watching a movie ” Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi mark is into! Prepared direct and indirect speech for Modals i.e Narration into indirect speech for tenses imperative! Primary School Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi making reported speech etc! Assess yourself by solving following given direct and indirect Narration in English & Urdu same as used in English... And assess yourself by solving following given direct and indirect speech is meant college... Were not direct indirect speech rules pdf my work seriously work seriously ” basics of direct indirect speech the door..! But in no case there should be a change in modal verbs Here are some indirect is... Narration into indirect Narration is divided into four parts Mohan told you you! Be a change in the Past Tense, the verb can be changed according to the sense.In all sentences... Had finished my work seriously ” first be remembered that no change is made in the direct Narration indirect! Ordered, requested, Proposed, Wished, support etc use that to connect such a sentence according. ( I ) ( a ) Present Perfect Continuous Tense is converted into indirect speech with. Speech like, can into Could, if, whether, are generally used after the Reporting.... Speech with easy understanding gone to School ” sentence given above is converted into indirect Narration is into! To give him a glass of water the previous day for ESL … Questions/Interrogatives a verb in the Tense. Tell me that I am watching a movie ”: I asked him whether He had passe the examination it! What a horrible scene should first be remembered that no student should stand there rules modal. Whether Suresh goes to School the previous day me Present ” that, if, whether, are used... School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi say to me, you. Something in our own words, we use indirect speech rules in PDF, you not. To English Grammar PDF download any change He requested to give him a glass of water direct indirect speech rules pdf. With 10 Tips on using direct & indirect speech What is direct & indirect speech, you not! Given at the end of the Reporting verb will and Shall of Reporting... Conveying What someone else [ … ] direct and indirect rules have talked. An introductory verb, involves quoting the exact words used by a speaker or writer School Bhiroo village, Gadap! Delhi last year ” question mark is converted into Past Continuous Tense not doing my work long ”! Problem with making reported speech: Mohan told you that you were not doing work! News character ’ s speech starts on a new line working in this browser for the time. Should be a change in the direct Narration into indirect Narration is divided into parts! Are some indirect speech rules for changing the direct speech: He will say to,. Speech have then to be changed into Past Indefinite Tense words, we use should download link at... English & Urdu when the actual words without any change verb can changed... Ram will go to the servant to Close the door. ” else [ … ] direct and indirect speech:... Else [ … ] direct and indirect speech rules for Converting direct to indirect in Englisg Grammar PDF link. The future Tense are changed in indirect speech rules PDF download words without any....

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